In most African countries, disability is seen to be a condition associated with some supernatural causes like witchcraft, disobedience to gods and so forth. However, in geographical areas where these beliefs are rampant, we find that many people, especially the parents of disabled children, often tend to have positive and accepting views of disability and people with disabilities in general. This has seen the progressive change in the nature of cultural beliefs and practices about disability.
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In the 29th century, there have been a lot of development in the fields of science and medicine, these have played a role in helping to understand that disability has some biological or medical basis in both cause and experience.
This is where the aspects of bodily functions of the disabled is associated with various health conditions. With the growing interventions and awareness creation about disability as a form of diversity, there is notable change in the cultural beliefs and treatment of persons with disabilities. There is a level of acceptance and integration of the disabled in the society. This is also seen with some form of equalization of opportunities where the disabled are given equal chances as any member of the society.
With the introduction and growth of formal education, there has been a lot of positive attitudes towards disability and also some level of looking at disability as a social aspect rather than an individual problem. In the 1960s and 1970s, the aspect of looking at disability as an individual or medical challenge has slowly shifted to looking at disability as a social phenomenon. This is where the social aspect of disability came into play where the social barriers were looked at as the major challenges facing the disabled as opposed to the medical causes. The social barriers in this cases include; the attitudes, the discrimination, the exclusion and other societal imposed challenges that people with disabilities face. This is where we find that disability was redefined as a societal problem and not an individual or impairment problem hence making the solution approaches to look into the removal of barriers and social change and not merely looking for medical intervention to solve the problems faced by the disabled.